Protection And Security In Operating System Pdf
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Protection and security requires that computer resources such as CPU, softwares, memory etc.
- Operating System Concepts, 9th Edition by
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- Operating System Security
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Operating System Concepts, 9th Edition by
The processes in an operating system must be protected from one another's activities. To provide such protection, we can use various mechanisms to ensure that only processes that have gained proper authorization from the operating system can operate on the files, memory segments, CPU, and other resources of a system. Protection refers to a mechanism for controlling the access of programs, processes, or users to the resources defined by a computer system. This mechanism must provide a means for specifying the controls to be imposed, together with a means of enforcement. We distinguish between protection and security, which is a measure of confidence that the integrity of a system and its data will be preserved.
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Sunset Date: This document defines the security functionality expected to be provided by a general-purpose operating system capable of operating in a networked environment. It also provides a set of assurance components that define the minimum set to be used in an evaluation of an operating system for compliance with this Protection Profile. Part 2 of this PP defines the general approach and assurance activities required to be performed during the evaluation, thereby refining the stated assurance components. The OSPP covers general-purpose operating systems that provide a multi-user and multi-tasking environment.
SAM is a processor extension used to protect execution of dedicated programs by preventing data disclosure and program manipulations in a multitasking environment. This paper presents an operating system design based on the Linux kernel for SAM. The design splits the kernel into a very small protected part and an unprotected part used by drivers and high level functions. Using this kernel protected and unprotected programs can be executed in parallel without diminishing the protection. The protection mechanism does not slow down the execution of unprotected programs, since it is only active during the execution of protected programs. Skip to main content Skip to sections.
Protection refers to a mechanism which controls the access of programs, processes, or users to the resources defined by a computer system. We can take protection as a helper to multi programming operating system, so that many users might safely share a common logical name space such as directory or files. Role of Protection: The role of protection is to provide a mechanism that implement policies which defines the uses of resources in the computer system. Some policies are defined at the time of design of the system, some are designed by management of the system and some are defined by the users of the system to protect their own files and programs. Every application has different policies for use of the resources and they may change over time so protection of the system is not only concern of the designer of the operating system. Application programmer should also design the protection mechanism to protect their system against misuse. Policy is different from mechanism.
Operating System Security
An Operating System supplies different kinds of services to both the users and to the programs as well. It also provides application programs that run within an Operating system an environment to execute it freely. It provides users the services run various programs in a convenient manner. This chapter will give a brief description of what services an operating system usually provide to users and those programs that are and will be running within it.
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