Perspectives On Deviance And Social Control Pdf
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- Social Psychological Perspectives on Deviance
- 7.1 Social Control and the Relativity of Deviance
- Deviance and Social Control, Sociology of
- 11.0 Introduction to Deviance, Crime, and Social Control
Social Psychological Perspectives on Deviance
Michelle Inderbitzin primarily studies prison culture, juvenile justice, and transformative education. Inderbitzin earned her PhD in sociology from the University of Washington and has been a faculty member at Oregon State University since Kristin A. Her research focuses on racial, ethnic, and gender inequality in criminal justice policies. She is currently involved in a study examining the community impact of civil gang injunctions. Bates earned her PhD in sociology from the University of Washington in
7.1 Social Control and the Relativity of Deviance
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Deviance is behavior that violates social norms and arouses negative social reactions. Some behavior is considered so harmful that governments enact written laws that ban the behavior. Crime is behavior that violates these laws and is certainly an important type of deviance that concerns many Americans. The fact that both deviance and crime arouse negative social reactions reminds us that every society needs to ensure that its members generally obey social norms in their daily interaction. Social control refers to ways in which a society tries to prevent and sanction behavior that violates norms. Generally, informal social control is used to control behavior that violates informal norms, and formal social control is used to control behavior that violates formal norms. We typically decline to violate informal norms, if we even think of violating them in the first place, because we fear risking the negative reactions of other people.
PDF | Throughout the history of sociology, the concept of social perspective of social control as a corollary to a theory of deviance and crime.
Deviance and Social Control, Sociology of
Protesters, such as these PETA members, often use this method to draw attention to their cause. Why does deviance occur? How does it affect a society? Since the early days of sociology, scholars have developed theories that attempt to explain what deviance and crime mean to society.
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11.0 Introduction to Deviance, Crime, and Social Control
Psychopathy and sociopathy both refer to personality disorders that involve anti-social behaviour, diminished empathy, and lack of inhibitions. In clinical analysis, these analytical categories should be distinguished from psychosis, which is a condition involving a debilitating break with reality. The term psychopathy is often used to emphasize that the source of the disorder is internal, based on psychological, biological, or genetic factors, whereas sociopathy is used to emphasize predominant social factors in the disorder: The social or familial sources of its development and the inability to be social or abide by societal rules Hare, In this sense sociopathy would be the sociological disease par excellence. It entails an incapacity for companionship socius , yet many accounts of sociopaths describe them as being charming, attractively confident, and outgoing Hare, In a modern society characterized by the predominance of secondary rather than primary relationships, the sociopath or psychopath functions, in popular culture at least, as a prime index of contemporary social unease.
The concept of deviance is complex because norms vary considerably across groups, times, and places. In other words, what one group may consider acceptable, another may consider deviant. For example, in some parts of Indonesia, Malaysia, and Muslim Africa, women are circumcised. In America, the thought of female circumcision, or female genital mutilation as it is known in the United States, is unthinkable; female genital mutilation, usually done in unsanitary conditions that often lead to infections, is done as a blatantly oppressive tactic to prevent women from having sexual pleasure. A number of theories related to deviance and criminology have emerged within the past 50 years or so. For example, juvenile gangs provide an environment in which young people learn to become criminals. These gangs define themselves as countercultural and glorify violence, retaliation, and crime as means to achieving social status.
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