international journal of training and development pdf

International Journal Of Training And Development Pdf

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Journal Metrics. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the fields of educational theory, teaching method, instructional design, students management, case studies etc.

Subscription price CiteScore 0. This includes issues that are related to their growth and development as a tool in the workplace e. The workplace is defined very broadly - it could be in a manufacturing setting or in a service setting in a changing and dynamic global environment. To enrich the quality of human life at work by serving as a forum for exchanging experiences and disseminating information in human resources development and management originating in diverse disciplines such as engineering, business and commerce, politics, health and biological sciences, law enforcement and defence, management, and education, among others.


To browse Academia. Skip to main content. By using our site, you agree to our collection of information through the use of cookies. To learn more, view our Privacy Policy. Log In Sign Up. Download Free PDF. Oyewole Oduwusi. Download PDF. A short summary of this paper. IntroductionTraining and development is an important activity that increases the performance of employee in an organization and is a building block which enhances the growth and success of an organization.

The following key terms are defined for better elaboration. TrainingThis activity is both focused upon, and evaluated against, the job that an individual currently holds; training refers to bridging the gap between the current performance and the standard desired performance Garavan, DevelopmentThis activity focuses upon the activities that the organization employing the individual, or that the individual is part of, may partake in the future, and is almost impossible to evaluate.

Training and DevelopmentThis can be described as "an educational process that involves the sharpening of skills, concepts, changing of attitude and gaining of more knowledge to enhance the performance of employees".

Human resource management regards training and development as a function concerned with organizational activity aimed at bettering the job performance of individuals and groups in organizational settings. It is an attempt to improve current or future employee performance by increasing an employee's ability to perform through learning, usually by changing the employee's attitude or increasing his or her skills and knowledge.

This shows that employee performance is important for the performance of the organization and training and development is beneficial for the employee to improve. Despite great roles of training and development in organizational growth and success, many organizations lack basic skills that will encourage the growth and success of their organization by training and developing of employee.

This study therefore reviewed relevant articles on the impact of training and development as a model for organizational growth and development. Theories on Training and DevelopmentCole , defined training as a learning activity directed towards the acquisition of specific knowledge and skills for the purpose of an occupation or task. The focus of training is the job or task for example, the need to have efficiency and safety in the operation of particular machines or equipment, or the need for an effective sales force to mention but a few.

According to Garavan and Berge et al. If employees are to experience flexibility and effectiveness on the job, they need to acquire and develop knowledge and skills, and if they are to believe that they are valued by the organization they work for, then they need to see visible signs of management's commitment to their training and career needs McDowall and Saunders, Most employers consider employee training as a costly and unimportant expense to their companies.

Job satisfaction is a pleasurable or state of positive emotion resulting from a positive appraisal of the job or job experiences Locke, Tsai, et al.

The latter have their uses, but I always urge people to think of work-based action first. Impacting your workers with the skills necessary to get the job done will boost their job morale and fewer mistakes will be made. Untrained personnel may be more costly than even the wages paid to them due to the mistakes they could easily make.

Braga , affirms that training delivery style is a very important part of training and development and also found This find was in line with Braga found most of the research participants reported they were attended on job demonstration training, which help to transform it into practice.

Knowing that they are cared about investing in, employees will tend to work harder in order to reciprocate the favour. Hard work eventually leads to more returns, and this might be in terms of production or even profit margins. Trained personnel will also ask for less help, ultimately improving their own efficiency further.

Employee training and development gives the workforce a good chance to realize their potential and eventually work at their highest level. When an employer realizes the potential in a staff member, and then sends that employee to class to improve his or her skills, the trained staff will be more willing to work at their best level of ability.

Maximizing the potential of the workforce has a direct positive impact on the business or organization's profit levels. A trained employee can handle more responsibilities than before due to their newly acquired know-how, which in-turn, improves their versatility. Proficiency in a particular area might even reduce chances of equipment breakdowns as a result of human error, and therefore also reduce the cost of repairs.

Imparting skills to employees is also another tactic of retaining your skilled workforce. A workforce that has been trained by the company will feel as part of the company family. They will feel happier in their jobs and valued by their employer, and therefore will be more likely to stay within the firm.

A trained staff will develop a sense of self-worth and dignity as they will view themselves as more valuable to the organization, which will eventually culminate in higher job satisfaction. The retention of trained staff will not only reduce the high cost of recruiting new staff but also have a positive impact on production. The business industry is very competitive and this is partly due to the advancements in technology. To remain in fair competition in the market, a firm needs to have skilled and trained workers who are familiar with both the changes in technology and the changing tastes of the consumers.

Training personnel in these new areas will improve the company's strength in market presence. Training and development activities in which employees had participated bring new potentials of employees in performing task and resulted in employee effectiveness. The finding was in line with the principles of Cole suggestion on purpose of facilitating training as it was to create a learning media directed towards the acquisition of specific knowledge and skills for the purpose of an occupation or task.

Organizations should develop a solid organizational training and development plan that includes a selection of public, open-enrolment, programs of choice for employees' individual learning needs and custom in-house training for team training and development needs. Rationale for Training and DevelopmentStaff training is an element in raising morale because it sounds out people for possible future promotions.

It is important to train and develop each employee so far as possible even if that means running the risk of losing them to other organizations.

This growing awareness of the importance of training and development over the past decades is also supported by reports that employees were spending more in aggregate terms on these activities.

Technological developments and organizational change have gradually caused some employers to realize that success lie in the skills and abilities of their employees thus this means considerable and continuous investment in training and development. This has been brought to light by the rise in human resources management, with its emphasis on the importance of people and the skills they possess in enhancing organizational efficiency.

There has also been increased recognition of the need to complement the qualities of employees with the needs of the organization. Such concepts require not only careful planning but also greater emphasis on employee development. Communication and ProficiencyCheng and Ho indicate that adequate training and development produces marked improvements in employee communication and proficiency of performances as well as extending retention time.

Moreover, when programs target communication skills with coworkers, there are significant increases in profit as well as a greater number of reported positive working relationships that are formed.

Employees with good communication skills gather more information concerning procedures and technologies related to job performances, thus assuming greater accountability and subsequent responsibility, both of which effect improve proficiency Adams, ;Gordon, Employees with positive attitudes become stakeholders in the process and job accomplishment is of a higher priority.

Furthermore, successful organizations achieve a partnership between workers and management. The partnership includes participation in teamwork activities and continuous learning application. The reported findings further suggest that an employee's participation in decision making and problem solving develops organizational trust Anschutz, Employee Capacity Building as Model for OrganizationalLearning, training and development can have two meanings for the employees.

It can be perceived as an intrinsic motivator, as they support employees' growth, learning and development. It can also be an extrinsic motivator, because they give employees more tools they can use during their work for achieving their goals Bakker and Leiter, Moreover, in the survey conducted by Paradise , employees ranked quality of workplace learning opportunities as the first factor influencing their engagement, therefore management of organizations should help employees updating their experience and increasing their knowledge and skills through giving appropriate trainings.

Generally it is understood that when employees get to know more about their job, their confidence increases there by being able to work without much supervision from their immediate managers which in turn builds their self-efficacy and commitment. Benefits of Training and DevelopmentSome of the key benefits for organizations that make employee training and development a priority as suggested by Antunka, Napoleon include the following: Increased ProductivityTimely and relevant training helps boost productivity.

By closing skills, knowledge and performance gaps, and arming your employees with new ideas, best practices and skills that they can put into practice in their jobs right away, their competence, ability and confidence levels increase.

As a result, these employees are able to make better decisions, and do their jobs smarter and more efficiently. Return on Investment ROI By making training and development a strategic priority of the organization, and implementing it in a thoughtful and deliberate manner, a company can benefit from measurable ROI.

You can measure for impact, for qualitative and quantitative ROI, and there are various ways to do so. For example, you can do pre-and post-training assessments and measure the improvement; you can then translate this into financial return when you calculate the value of saved time, increased productivity, increased sales. Investment in employee training and development should be regarded as a capital investment where you will look for ROI.

Increased Employee Satisfaction and RetentionInvesting in employees training and development enables employees feel more connected, valued, accountable, focused, and part of the team. And while we cannot expect any employee to stay with an organization for their entire career -nor do we necessarily want them to -it has been proven to increase employees' sense of loyalty and decrease turnover.

Most people, by nature, want to learn new things, expand their knowledge base and skills set, and grow as professionals.

Most people do want to be able to advance in their careers. When the organization has invested in their development, both the company and the individual can reap great rewards. Not only can training and development is a tool for filling knowledge and skills gaps, but also a mechanism for rewarding employees who are high-potentials, high-achievers.

The sub text of all training and development -particularly in-house custom programs -is always teambuilding. These initiatives tend to bring employees closer together, strengthen culture, and help individual team members identify new partners, collaborators, mentors and subject-matter experts within the organization Richard, Nurturing Organizational Learning CultureIt is important to foster a learning culture at your organization, one where expectations are clearly set from the outset, and where the benefits for the employee and for the organization are shared.

It is also important to be able to point to success stories within the organization, and to always walk the talk. In order to ensure their success, it is important to have a plan in place for the transfer of knowledge back at the workplace. You can encourage the employee to implement the key things [] they learned right away, and you can create common language and frameworks across your organization by ensuring there is consistency in your training and development approach.

By sending your employees to open enrolment public programs where they can network with their peers at different organizations and across industries, they are provided with the forum to test ideas in a safe environment and discuss ideas and best practices that they can bring back to their organization.

They should be encouraged to apply these new ideas to their own workplace immediately, and also to share ideas with their teams back at the organization. This will also help with the transfer of knowledge, as it will help to reinforce a culture of learning and create common language and frameworks for the team.

At the end of the day, it is our employees that are our greatest assets. While we upgrade our plant and equipment, we need to renew individual skills sets, upgrade our teams, and arm them with what they need to know to remain competitive and do their best work. In this increasingly competitive global marketplace, the organizations who invest in employee training and development are the ones who will win.

Challenges Affecting Training and DevelopmentTraining and development is a challenge as many organizations find it difficult to manage their employee. Some training problems emerge when It is regarded as an end rather than a means to an end, failure of management to accept responsibility for employee training and development, Lack of knowledge and skill by managers in directing and executing training and development, Lack of information concerning the nature of the training process required, If training sees no reason of learning and mastering his assignment and no provision is made for job advancement and benefits and when there is little or no incentive to learn the job ahead.

The attitudes of top management staff are crucial to the success of a training and development programme and could make training when their responsibilities are neglected. Conclusion and RecommendationIn order to improve employee training and development and improved performance and service delivery, management should increase the number of employees taking part in training and development. This can be done by providing incentives that may motivate employees to take part in training and development programs.

International Journal of Training and Development

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International Journal of Education, Learning and Development (IJELD)

This internationally refereed journal is an academic response to the increased public and educational interest in learning and understanding about the wider world. The journal publishes the outcomes of educational research and current debates on development education, global learning, global education, and global citizenship education. These approaches to education have their roots primarily in the practice of non-governmental organisations and in formal education. However, the field has moved beyond a concern for improving public understanding of development, to a focus on how approaches to education and pedagogy enhance critical engagement with global issues.

The International Journal of Educational Psychology IJEP is an Open Access journal which has as its main objective the publication of top research in the area of educational psychology which seeks to be applied in a variety of educational contexts, formal and informal, involving different education levels, individuals and groups of all ages. The articles published in IJEP deal with problems that are relevant for the international scientific and education communities and their contributions serve as scientific tools to improve educational processes and outcomes. A second objective of IJEP is the publication of theoretical articles that advance the literature in educational psychology, opening new lines of research in the field.

International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development

International Journal of Development Education and Global Learning

United Kingdom Universities and research institutions in United Kingdom. Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd. How to publish in this journal. The set of journals have been ranked according to their SJR and divided into four equal groups, four quartiles. Q1 green comprises the quarter of the journals with the highest values, Q2 yellow the second highest values, Q3 orange the third highest values and Q4 red the lowest values. The SJR is a size-independent prestige indicator that ranks journals by their 'average prestige per article'. It is based on the idea that 'all citations are not created equal'.

Once production of your article has started, you can track the status of your article via Track Your Accepted Article. Help expand a public dataset of research that support the SDGs. The purpose of the International Journal of Educational Development is to report new insight and foster critical debate about the role that education plays in development. Aspects of development with which the journal is concerned include economic growth and poverty reduction; human development, well Aspects of development with which the journal is concerned include economic growth and poverty reduction; human development, well being, the availability of human rights; democracy, social cohesion and peace-building; resilience and environmental sustainability. IJED seeks to help make available new evidence-based theories and understandings as to the extent and nature of educational change in diverse settings.

Upon receipt of paper submission, the Editor sends an E-mail of confirmation to the corresponding author within working days. Please contact the Editor in time for that. We aim to post articles within 3 weeks of acceptance. To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the 'macrothink. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders. International Journal of Learning and Development. Journal Metrics Global Impact Factor : 0.

International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning (iJET)

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European Journal of Training and Development

Category: Learning and Development. This paper aims to explore the career aspirations of individuals belonging to the Gen Z cohort, i.

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Похоже, он принадлежал Филу Чатрукьяну. - Ты мне не веришь. Мужчины начали спорить.

International Journal of Learning, Teaching and Educational Research

О его существовании знали только три процента американцев. - АНБ, - пошутил приятель, - означает Агентство, которого Никогда не Было. Со смешанным чувством тревоги и любопытства Беккер принял приглашение загадочного агентства. Он проехал тридцать семь миль до их штаб-квартиры, раскинувшейся на участке площадью тридцать шесть акров среди лесистых холмов Форт-Мида в штате Мэриленд. После бесчисленных проверок на контрольно-пропускных пунктах он получил шестичасовой гостевой пропуск с голографическим текстом и был препровожден в роскошное помещение, где ему, как было сказано, предстояло вслепую оказать помощь Отделению криптографии - элитарной группе талантливых математиков, именуемых дешифровщиками.

International Journal of Educational Development


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