role of technology in economic growth and development pdf

Role Of Technology In Economic Growth And Development Pdf

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Technology encompasses a huge body of knowledge and tools that ease the use of economic resources as a way to produce goods and services efficiently and innovatively.

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Bioeconomy pp Cite as. To improve sustainability, the global economic system has to undergo severe transformation processes. This chapter deals with the possibility of an innovation-triggered transformation towards a knowledge-based bioeconomy, which is supposed to overcome the current lock-in into a fossil fuel-based CO 2 -intensive production. To do this, a neo-Schumpeterian view is applied that highlights the complex interplay in knowledge generation and knowledge diffusion processes between firms, consumers, and government institutions. By applying the neo-Schumpeterian approach, it becomes obvious that innovation and economic growth are part of the solution and not part of the sustainability problem. The shift from quantitative growth to qualitative development makes the difference and affects all agents and institutions in an economic system, which needs to be designed as a dedicated innovation system supporting the transformation towards a knowledge-based bioeconomy.

Role of Technology in Economic Development

The technology can be regarded as primary source in economic development and the various technological changes contribute significantly in the development of underdeveloped countries. The level of technology is also an important determinant of economic growth. The rapid rate of growth can be achieved through high level of technology. Schumpeter observed that innovation or technological progress is the only determinant of economic progress. But if the level of technology becomes constant the process of growth stops. Thus, it is the technological progress which keeps the economy moving. Inventions and innovations have been largely responsible for rapid economic growth in developed countries.

The growing importance of the technology economy

Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. Research also established that two cents worth of vitamin A given to children every six months could reduce child mortality in many countries by over one-third.

Technology’s Role in Economic Development

Technological advances have significantly improved operations and lowered the cost of doing business. Currently, as an example, just a few technicians controlling robotic systems can operate an entire manufacturing plant, and innovative inventory systems are capable of supplying needed parts within a short time for assembly. Advancements in the computer industry, coupled with advancements in telecommunications, have increased job opportunities and strengthened economic growth. All physical barriers to communication over distances have been properly overcome by the internet.

Water technologies have become new solutions to water scarcity and could play an increasingly crucial role in the future. However, theoretic and empirical studies on the economic effect of water technologies which incorporate water resources into a sustainable economic growth model remain scarce in northwest China. Considering the case of Northwest China in this empirical research, we apply the stochastic production frontier model by using panel data from to

This study analyses the impact of the use of digital technology on economic growth for 39 African countries from to This analysis applies a system GMM estimator to understand the extent to which the usage of digital technology facilitates growth using a measure of digitalisation from the Networked Readiness Index. Unlike previous research, we distinguish between the impact of individual, business, and government ICT usage on growth and show that only individual usage has a positive impact. Furthermore, a disaggregated analysis of the types of usage reveals that two indicators, social media and the importance of ICTs to government vision, are significant for growth. There is a well-documented contention that digitalisation creates economic growth Bukht and Heeks,

1. Introduction

JavaScript is disabled for your browser. Some features of this site may not work without it. Author Hernandez, Kevin. Metadata Show full item record. Thus, it has inevitably had an effect on global, regional, national and local economies. This Evidence Report reviews the literature assessing the economic impact of digital technologies — namely information communication technology ICT — on economies and people.

The application of complexity science tools to the study of society allows for the analysis of phenomena that have been hard to identify and analyze with more traditional tools, especially in the field of Economics, which in the absence of these tools has tended to work with relatively low dimensional representations of reality. But the increasing availability of more detailed information of social phenomena makes it particularly useful to use tools that can exploit this informational richness. This opens up fascinating new horizons on almost all fields of knowledge in the social sciences. In economics, it is widely accepted that technology is the key driver of economic growth of countries, regions and cities. However, the mechanisms through which technology is developed, adopted and used in production are complex. Their more detailed analysis can allow for new findings that could have important impacts in many areas of policy, including science policy, research and development, industrial policy, and both national and regional development policies. In fact, the concept of technology itself as well as the individual and social capabilities required for its development ca now be studied at a much more fine-grained level leading to potential contributions that may impact higher education, job creation and economic growth.

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Knowledge, Technology and Complexity in Economic Growth


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