Aims And Objectives Of African Union Pdf
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The African Union AU is a continental body consisting of the 55 member states that make up the countries of the African Continent. The main objectives of the OAU were to rid the continent of the remaining vestiges of colonisation and apartheid; to promote unity and solidarity amongst African States; to coordinate and intensify cooperation for development; to safeguard the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Member States and to promote international cooperation. Through the OAU Coordinating Committee for the Liberation of Africa, the Continent worked and spoke as one with undivided determination in forging an international consensus in support of the liberation struggle and the fight against apartheid.
- From Organization of African Unity to African Union
- African Union (AU)
- African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights
In reflecting on the economic and sociopolitical issues confronting Africa over the past five decades, it is apparent the Organization of African Unity OAU now African Union AU has played a significant role in addressing these concerns. Following the end of the Second World War and the creation of the United Nations Organization, many African nations began to revolt against colonial European government, demanding independence.
From Organization of African Unity to African Union
Some of the key aims of the OAU were to encourage political and economic integration among member states, and to eradicate colonialism and neo-colonialism from the African continent. Although it achieved some success, there were also differences of opinion as to how that was going to be achieved. The OAU was founded in May  in Addis Ababa , Ethiopia , by 32 African states with the main aim of bringing the African nations together and resolve the issues within the continent. A Liberation Committee was established to aid independence movements and look after the interests of already-independent states. The OAU also aimed to stay neutral in terms of global politics, which would prevent them from being controlled once more by outside forces — an especial danger with the Cold War.
African Union (AU)
The Commission then, in a broad reading of its powers, fully justified under Articles 45 and 46 of the Charter requested to be entrusted with the task. This Information Sheet is aimed at explaining the aims and objectives of State reporting and the procedures used by the Commission during examination of these reports. It also highlights some of the contributions Non-Governmental Organisations NGOs and the civil society can play in enhancing the process. The document also tries to allay the fears expressed by some States that the exercise exposes them to embarrassment. It is distributed free of charge throughout Africa. It can be reproduced in other languages other than its original language provided no changes are made to its contents and the Commission is mentioned as the source.
As a result, the three structures coordinate their work to allow combined and complimentary efforts. The main intention of the Organisation of African Unity was to promote unity, solidarity, peace, stability, independence and human rights amongst others in African States. All African countries except Morroco are members of the African Union. The decision to establish an African Union came about as a result of the continued difficulties of consensus experienced by the OAU member states; this was followed by the adoption of the Constitutive Act of the African Union , which was amended through a Protocol in Through its constitution, the African Union has the distinct ability to intervene in a countries governance should the need arise. To learn more, please refer to the website of the African Union.
Lagos, Berean Club Pub. Previously updated in August By the end of the s, much of Africa was liberated from colonialism with the exception of the racist regimes in South Africa and Zimbabwe. The Committee attempted to forward a proposal for new rules and institutions that would make the Charter more effective. New developments on the continent and worldwide, such as the total liberation of African States from colonialism, the end of apartheid in South Africa, the challenges of massive human rights violations inside independent African States and intra-state and inter-state conflicts and the end of the cold war made the transformation of the OAU a necessity. The Sirte Declaration did not specify the details of the new organisation.
To promote the unity and solidarity of the African States; To coordinate and intensify their cooperation and efforts to achieve a better life for the peoples of Africa; To defend their sovereignty, their territorial integrity and independence; To eradicate all forms of colonialism from Africa; and.
African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights
Objectives of the African Union. The African Union has seventeen objectives in view. These objectives are enumerated herein under are provided in Article 30 of the Constitutive Act of the African Union and Article 3 of the Protocol to amend the Constitutive Act. These are:. A mere reading of the above stated objectives suggests that the African Union is more comprehensive in its objectives than the OAU.
On 9 September , the Heads of State and Government of the Organization of African Unity issued the Sirte Declaration, calling for the establishment of an African Union, with a view, inter alia, toward accelerating the process of unity among countries of the continent, enabling it to better participate in the global economy and to better address social, economic and political problems. Since , three summits have been held to facilitate the implementation of the African Union AU. The Lusaka Summit drew the road map for the implementation of the AU. In structure, the OAU began as one entity, whereas the AU, integrating itself with the African Economic Community and building other structures, consists of: the Assembly determines common policies ; the Executive Council coordinates and makes decisions on common policies ; the Pan-African Parliament implements policies ; the Court of Justice ensures compliance with the law ; the Commission the secretariat ; the Permanent Representatives Committee assists the Executive Council ; the Specialized Technical Committees assist the Executive Council in substantive matters ; the Economic, Social and Cultural Council; the Peace and Security Council makes decisions on prevention, management and resolution of conflicts ; and the Financial Institutions consisting of the African Central Bank, the African Monetary Fund, and the African Investment Bank.
The African Union AU is a continental union consisting of 55 member states located on the continent of Africa. The most important decisions of the AU are made by the Assembly of the African Union , a semi-annual meeting of the heads of state and government of its member states. The African Union has over 1.
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