Prescription Drugs Abuse And Addiction Pdf
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Drug Abuse and Addiction
The number of emergency department visits due to misuse or abuse of prescription drugs has risen The terms misuse and abuse are often used interchangeably, but there is a distinct difference. Prescription drug ABUSE is the use of a medication without a prescription, in a way other than as prescribed, or for the experience or feelings elicited, as defined by the National Institute on Drug Abuse. For example, when a person takes a prescription drug to get a pleasant or euphoric feeling i. The abuse of certain prescription drugs — opioids, central nervous system depressants, and stimulants — can lead to a variety of adverse health effects, including addiction. Those are examples of drug misuse because, according to the FDA, the person is treating themselves, but not according to the directions of their health care providers. According to the Institute for Safe Medication Practices, prescription drug misuse can include: taking the incorrect dose; taking a dose at the wrong time; forgetting to take a dose; stopping medicine too soon.
Check out our interactive infographic to see progress toward the Substance Abuse objectives and other Healthy People topic areas. Reduce substance abuse to protect the health, safety, and quality of life for all, especially children. In , an estimated 22 million Americans struggled with a drug or alcohol problem. Almost 95 percent of people with substance use problems are considered unaware of their problem. These estimates highlight the importance of increasing prevention efforts and improving access to treatment for substance abuse and co-occurring disorders. Substance abuse has a major impact on individuals, families, and communities. The effects of substance abuse are cumulative, significantly contributing to costly social, physical, mental, and public health problems.
Substance abuse , also known as drug abuse , is use of a drug in amounts or by methods which are harmful to the individual or others. It is a form of substance-related disorder. Differing definitions of drug abuse are used in public health, medical and criminal justice contexts. In some cases criminal or anti-social behaviour occurs when the person is under the influence of a drug, and long term personality changes in individuals may occur as well. Drugs most often associated with this term include: alcohol , amphetamines , barbiturates , benzodiazepines , cannabis , cocaine , hallucinogens , methaqualone , and opioids.
Citation of the source is appreciated, using the following language: Source: National Institute on Drug Abuse;. National Institutes of Health; U.S. Department of.
GET THE FACTS: Drug Abuse Puts Your Whole Body at Risk
People from all walks of life can experience problems with their drug use, regardless of age, race, background, or the reason they started using drugs in the first place. Some people experiment with recreational drugs out of curiosity, to have a good time, because friends are doing it, or to ease problems such as stress, anxiety, or depression. Prescription medications such as painkillers, sleeping pills, and tranquilizers can cause similar problems. In fact, next to marijuana, prescription painkillers are the most abused drugs in the U. Addiction to opioid painkillers can be so powerful it has become the major risk factor for heroin abuse.
Understanding drug abuse and addiction
Pharmacists have an important role to play in preventing and reducing abuse of prescription and over-the-counter medicines. In recent years, drug abuse scenarios have evolved owing to the appearance of novel psychoactive substances NPSs and the recreational use of pharmaceuticals  ,  ,  , . Misuse of prescription drugs is a growing health problem, involving not only specific drug-related risks, but also the context in which they are consumed e. Therefore, side effects, drug interactions and individual variation in responses owing to existing comorbidities [such as a mental disorder, renal or hepatic dysfunction, systemic diseases] and previous substance abuse or dependence might be associated with a range of severe adverse drug reactions ADRs , including seizures, arrhythmias, respiratory arrest and fatalities  ,  ,  , . According to data from the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime UNODC , the prevalence of prescription drug misuse and related fatalities is increasing worldwide  ,  , . Vulnerable groups at higher risk of misusing medications are adolescents and young adults; women; older adults; and healthcare professionals . Other at-risk groups include people with mental illnesses, inmates and individuals suffering from acute or chronic pain, who might abuse opiate medications .
Research shows. You probably know that drugs affect feelings and moods, judgment, decision making, learning, and memory. Some of these effects occur when drugs are used at high doses or after prolonged use, and some may occur after just one use. But it is not only injection drug users who risk contracting or spreading infections. Mental Health Effects Drug abuse might affect an existing mental disorder or result in one. More than half of those who are addicted to drugs have also had some form of mental illness—either at the same time as their addiction or at some other point in their lives.