Native American Graves Protection And Repatriation Act Pdf
File Name: native american graves protection and repatriation act .zip
- Native American Grave Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA) Policy
- Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act Regulations
- NATIVE AMERICAN GRAVES PROTECTION AND REPATRIATION ACT
Native American Grave Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA) Policy
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NAGPRA guides the disposition of Native American and Native Hawaiian cultural items and human remains under control of Federal agencies and institutions that receive Federal funding, as well as the ownership or control of Native American and Native Hawaiian cultural items and human remains discovered on Federal or tribal lands within the United States or its territories after November 16, The University is also committed to ensuring that all such human remains, funerary objects, sacred objects, and objects of cultural patrimony that are in its physical custody are appropriately identified and treated with respect during that process. This policy references the bolded terms below and uses the definitions that have been assigned to those terms by NAGPRA. Human remains means physical remains of the body of a person of Native American or Native Hawaiian ancestry. Funerary objects means items that, as part of the death rite or ceremony of a culture, are reasonably believed to have been placed intentionally at the time of death or later with or near individual human remains. Sacred objects means items that are specific ceremonial objects needed by traditional Native American religious leaders for the practice of traditional Native American or Native Hawaiian religions by their present-day adherents. Objects of cultural patrimony means items having ongoing historical, traditional, or cultural importance central to the Native American tribe or Native Hawaiian organization itself, rather than property owned by an individual organization member.
Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act Regulations
Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. DOI: Kintigh Published Geography. The law covers human remains and items in the collections of US museums or federal agencies and also the remains of items that are recently discovered on federal or Indian land. View via Publisher.
The Act requires federal agencies and institutions that receive federal funding  to return Native American "cultural items" to lineal descendants and culturally affiliated Indian tribes and Native Hawaiian organizations. Cultural items include human remains, funerary objects, sacred objects, and objects of cultural patrimony. A program of federal grants assists in the repatriation process and the Secretary of the Interior may assess civil penalties on museums that fail to comply. NAGPRA also establishes procedures for the inadvertent discovery or planned excavation of Native American cultural items on federal or tribal lands. While these provisions do not apply to discoveries or excavations on private or state lands, the collection provisions of the Act may apply to Native American cultural items if they come under the control of an institution that receives federal funding. The intent of the NAGPRA legislation is to address long-standing claims by federally recognized tribes for the return of human remains and cultural objects unlawfully obtained from prehistoric, historic, former, and current Native American homelands.
There are two important federal acts that have an influence on historic properties and Native American graves. These acts can help determine whether a cemetery property can be shown to be part of a Native American grave site or if the integrity, significance, and history of an extant cemetery can qualify for the National Register of Historic Places through National Register Criteria. Additionally, if federally assisted projects are likely to have an adverse effect on historical and archaeological resources of a burial ground or cemetery, appropriate federal review process must be initiated for compliance with sections of the National Historic Preservation Act of Section of the National Historic Preservation Act of states that any project to be funded with federal money must be reviewed to determine whether or not that project may produce an "adverse effect" on any cultural resource eligible for or listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Based on its assessment, PHMC issues recommendations as to how to proceed with a given project.
The Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. , 43 CFR. Part 10 was passed on November 16, , to resolve the.
NATIVE AMERICAN GRAVES PROTECTION AND REPATRIATION ACT
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The diverse contributors to this timely volume reflect the viewpoints of tribes, museums, federal agencies, attorneys, academics, and others invested in the landmark act. Since the passage of the act, museums and federal agencies have made more than one million cultural items—and the remains of nearly forty thousand Native Americans—available for repatriation.